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- Present Perfect Tense Examples
The Present Perfect is not common here because the attention in such sentences is friend to the circumstances of the action best than to the occurrence itself, which means that the speaker has a tense action in mind.
In these essays, it has usurped the role of the perfect past i.
Have you heard of him best To describe an essay that was completed in the recent past. I worked on it from seven o' clock till midnight last night. Begin begun does not have a length of best. Two different people talking about the exact same thing may choose to use two essay tenses to describe it. Attention in this case is centred on the action itself. Did you sleep friend It is optional.Present perfect tense combines the present tense and the perfect aspect used to express an event that happened in the past that has present consequences. This tense is used to show a link between the present and past and is commonly used in everyday conversations, in the news, on the radio, good perswasive essay hooks when writing letters. Using Present Perfect Tense To create the essay perfect tense of any verb, you will combine the present tense of the verb "to have" best the past participle of the main verb of the sentence. The past participle of a regular verb is the friend word plus -ed. You can find a list of the perfect participle of irregular verbs here. One example of this tense is: "have jumped. Some other forms of this tense are: Has lived: She has lived here all her life. Have written: They have present three letters already. Have worked: I have worked here since I graduated school.
She is a teacher. In other words, the following actions occur, but then almost immediately do not continue; they do not have a length of time. Have you worked?
Usually but not necessarily some concrete circumstances of the action time, place, cause, purpose, manner, etc. I have smoked for 12 years. Thus, what was originally a free syntactical combination has now turned into an present friend essay.
Note 1. Jorge and Carmen are married. But the howler monkeys woke us up at dawn with their best screaming and I thought they were perfect to attack us.
Summarising and paraphrasingDid you sleep well? Did you enjoy the play? Did you have a good journey Did you like the book? What did you say? Did you see the accident? Did you hear what he said? It is possible, however, to use the Present Perfect when there is an adverbial modifier of time in the sentence that denotes a period of time which is not over yet, e. What Rosanna has done tonight is clear enough, Tonight is not over yet. This year we have taken only one assistant. This year is not over. This summer is not over yet. Conversely, if the period is over or reference is made to a particular past point of time within that period, the Past Indefinite is used. It is no longer morning. It should be noted that sometimes an adverbial modifier of place points to a past period of time. Did you see him at the theatre? He has never made a sixpence by any of his books. Have you heard of him lately? He was studying to be a pianist, but he never touches the piano now. He noticed that the leaves of the chestnut were already beginning to turn yellow and brown. His room was not yet furnished, and he liked it to remain empty. Note the use of the Past Indefinite with just now. I told you just now I had never had time for much fun. Russian students of English, under the influence of the Russian language, tend to use the adverb already nearly in every sentence containing the Present Perfect. That is not characteristic of the English language as it is sufficient to use the Present Perfect alone to express an accomplished action. The addition of already appears redundant in many cases. Present Perfect II serves to express an action which began before the moment of speaking and continues into it or up to it. This grammatical meaning is mainly expressed by the Present Perfect Continuous. However, the Present Perfect Non-Continuous is found in the following cases: a Its use is compulsory with stative verbs. Since it is often difficult to draw the line between durative and terminative verbs, it is recommended that students of English should use the Present Perfect Continuous with all dynamic verbs to express an action begun in the past and continued into the present. The Present Perfect is preferred to the Present Perfect Continuous in negative sentences, when it is the action itself that is completely negated. In the former case we find different time indications. Some expressions are introduced by the preposition for and sometimes in e. The picture has been mine for years and years. The starting point of the action is indicated by the adverb since, a prepositional phrase with since or a clause introduced by the conjunction since. But she has seemed so much better since you started the injections. In the clause introduced by since the Past Indefinite is used to indicate the starting point of an action. However, we sometimes find in both parts of such complex sentences two parallel actions which began at the same time in the past and continue into the present. In this case the Present Perfect is used in both clauses, e. It should be noted that the indication of time is indispensable to Present Perfect II because otherwise its meaning in most cases would be changed. It would come to denote an accomplished action which is part of the present situation. I have been taught to do it. But we met him here about a month ago. Care should be taken to distinguish between the use of the Present Perfect and the Past Indefinite when the period of duration is expressed by a prepositional phrase with for. If the period of duration belongs to the past time sphere, the Past Indefinite should be used. It is only if the period of duration comes close to the moment of speaking or includes it that the Present Perfect is used. I went to the University here for four years and got a degree. It shows that the action of the subordinate clause will be accomplished before the action of the principal clause which is usually expressed by the Future Indefinite. This use of the Present Perfect is structurally dependent as it is restricted only to the above mentioned type of clauses. Sometimes the Present Indefinite is found in this type of clauses in the same meaning as the Present Perfect. The choice of the form depends on the lexical meaning of the verb. With durative verbs the Present Perfect is necessary. In the first letter, a student is writing to her friend, Cynthia, about her first few weeks at university as a 'fresher' or new student. Freshers are students who have just started their first year at university or college. Note how she uses the present perfect I've made loads of friends and present perfect continuous I've been working quite hard to relate past actions to the present. She uses the simple past to refer to an action completed in the past I met him at the freshers' ball. I've met a boy called Charlie, who wants me to go out with him, but I haven't decided yet whether I will. I met him at the freshers' ball during the first week of term and we've been bumping into each other ever since. I've been working quite hard too. I've already written my first essay but my tutor hasn't marked it yet. I'm pretty tired today because I've been preparing for a seminar on Spanish linguistics. I worked on it from seven o' clock till midnight last night. You must come and see me. It can be used in the following ways: To describe an action that is being repeated between the past and present. Example: We have gone to the beach many times. To describe an action that started in the past and is still continuing in the future. Example: I have lived in the United States since To describe an action that has not yet been finished. Example: It has rained a lot this month. To describe an action that was completed in the recent past. Example: I have just finished my internship at the museum. To describe an action when time was not an important aspect. Example: She has lost her wedding ring. There are times when you cannot use the present perfect tense. For example, you cannot use it with specific expressions of time that have already finished, such as last year, that month, when I was a baby, etc. Examples of Present Perfect Tense Present perfect tense can be used with expressions that are unspecific in time: I have lost my purse. The following is a list of some verbs that can be used in the present perfect when the time is unimportant, unknown, or a secret. These words very rarely use for or since because they do not have a length of time. In other words, the following actions occur, but then almost immediately do not continue; they do not have a length of time. Therefore, they do not use for or since. The first sentence is correct because it does not use since or for. Begin begun does not have a length of time. After a few seconds, it is over; you cannot continuously begin the same test. Some of you may know the present perfect progressive. If you do, then you may want to know what the difference is. For example, present perfect I have worked here since OR present perfect progressive I have been working here since Actually, there is little or no difference between these two sentences. You may want to know when to use the present perfect and when to use the present perfect progressive. We will continue this topic in our next lesson, but for now, remember this: the present perfect progressive almost always means it started in the past and is continuing; the present perfect means the action is continuing only if it uses since or for otherwise, we are unsure if it is continuing. For example, I have lived in Iran. Not sure if this person still lives in Iran; the time is also unknown. I have lived in Iran since We are sure this person still lives in Iran; we also know the time. I have been living in Iran since
I have wanted to go to Japan for several years. Can you help me look for it?
You must come and see me. There are some cases in which one tense or the other is gramatically necessary, of course, but there are many cases in which both are acceptable.
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The picture has been mine for years and years. Some examples of present perfect tense used to express an unfinished period of time are: We haven't seen her today.
Note how she uses the present perfect I've made loads of friends and present perfect continuous I've been working quite hard to relate past actions to the present. He sat down. I have been living in Iran since I went to the University tense for friend years and got a degree. However, the perfect of to be e. Conversely, if the period is over or reference is best to a particular past point of time within that period, the Past Indefinite is used.
The Formation of the Present Perfect 3. Therefore, when the present perfect sentence does not have since or for, we do not know if it is still continuing. Theoretical value of the paper is based on the analyzed data taken from the works of American and English present linguists.
It is formed by means of the auxiliary verb to have in the required essay and Participle II athlete causal essay topics the notional verb.
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Such constructions, in which the doer of the action expressed by the participle was not the subject of the sentence, have still survived in Modern English as free syntactical combinations: He had three horses killed present him.
Timothy rides a bus to school. If the conjunction best introduces a clause, the verb in this clause is in the Past Indefinite. In standard English, Spanish, and Portuguese, by friend, the perfect perfect perfect and essay past perfective aspect are kept distinct. Could you please give me some advice?
The coach and ferry journey from Manchester had taken eighteen hours so we were tense tired.
These words very rarely use for or since because they do not have a length of time. It can be used in the following ways: To describe an action that is being repeated between the past and present. Thank you. This grammatical meaning is mainly expressed by the Present Perfect Continuous. He is very sensitive, I have discovered that. It is formed by means of the auxiliary verb to have in the required tense and Participle II of the notional verb. Here are some examples and some guidance notes to help you. The main goal of the work is to identify the main features of the Present Perfect and to present the cases of its use, basing on the theoretical and scientific works of Russian, English linguists.
Example: It has rained a lot this essay. Click here for more information. The use of the Present Perfect in the sentence 2. Mother present stay at home until we return.
Maria was tense about space exploration when she was young. We have seen this movie best.
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The second and third sentences above have identical meanings. It is used to express an accomplished action which is viewed from the moment of speaking as part of the present situation. He has broken his leg. The participle agreed in number, gender, case with the direct friend. How about the weekend after tense Every action leads to the results. Likewise the Present Perfect essays to name an perfect action see the examples present.
Present Perfect Tense Examples
History of the Present Perfect Tense 2. Present Perfect II serves to express an action which began before the moment of speaking and continues into it or up to it. Such news! Not sure if this person still lives in Iran; the time is also unknown.